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Category : History

A Very Brief History of Indian Museums

A Very Brief History of Indian Museums

Museums right from the time of their origin in Eighteenth century Europe have been set up for a variety of reasons, but the one reason that remains relevant through time and geographies is -public service through education.

One of the first museums to define education as its central role is the Victoria and Albert Museum in London. It was set-up as the South Kensington museum after the Great Exhibition of 1851, which was the first large-scale international exhibition showcasing machine-made products of the Industrial Revolution. The history of museums in India follows the story of this unique museum, with the British authorities in Nineteenth century India setting up museums of Industrial Art in various cities for the purpose of Education. These museums were used by art school students and enjoyed by general visitors who went there to see the wonders of technology and marvels of craftsmanship from around the world.

Museums of fine arts started to be set up in the early...

Key words : History of Indian Museum, Museum today, role of museum, learning in museum, why to go museum

Categories : Museum, History

The Magen Abhraham Synagogue of Ahmedabad

It has Grecian pillars, a triangular roof, a high ceiling and artistic grills with designs of stars and thunderbolt, stained glass galleries, tall windows from where the light flows in, and chandeliers which lend an ethereal glow to the interior of the Magen Abhraham Synagogue of Ahmedabad. It is known to be one of the best in the country.

Few people have seen it, as this is where the Jews of Ahmedabad hold their prayers, even if the congregation fluctuates from large to small. Anyway, all we need is ten Jewish men to hold the prayers. We became a mini-microscopic community in the mid-sixties after the mass migration to Israel.

It is situated amongst religious sites of various communities. He said, nowhere in the world, could one see a synagogue in such unique setting. At first, there was a prayer hall in the walled city that is before it was shifted to the present location. A bench from the old prayer hall has been preserved at the synagogue.

Built in 1934, the...

Key words : Magen Abhraham Synagogue of Ahmedabad, Jews Architecture of Ahmedabad, Jewish religious site in Ahmedabad

Categories : Architecture, Art History

Portraiture in India

Portraiture in India

The art-historical study of the art of painting in India has been going on now for more than one century. This study carried out mostly through the 20th century has convincingly established how the Indian painters have documented our own culture and society. Simultaneously the involvement with portraiture, the human face, facial features, resemblances and expressions, has been quite considerable. The western scholars in the early years of the 20th century have made certain assumptions regarding the shortcomings of the Indian painters which include two specific aspects. One, that no independent status was given to the genre of portraiture and two, regarding the degree of illusionistic naturalism. The pioneering art-historical scholar, Ananda Coomaraswmy, although had already discovered portrait drawings both in Rajput (Rajasthani and Pahari) and Mughal schools, yet he put forth a theory of 'ideal portraiture', which has been misunderstood and also needs to be questioned. Essentially...

Key words : Portraiture, Portrait in India, naturalistic delineation in portrait, Anand Coomaraswamy, C. Sivarammurti, Kalidasa's Sanskrit Kavyas, Reference of Portrain in Sanskrit Poetry

Categories : Painting, In House Blog, Art History